Sunscreen: Here’s All You Need to Know

Sunscreen Vaniday

Still leaving your house without sunscreen? That’s not good. Here’s the lowdown on sunscreen, what SPF and PA mean, and why it is so important.


While the sun releases many type of rays, the ones that are most damaging to our skin are ultraviolet (UV) rays. There are two types of UV rays that the sun emits — UV-A and UV-B. UV-B is responsible for causing sunburns, while UV-A is more involved in premature ageing of the skin. However, both UV rays are involved in the developement of skin cancer, so it’s better

What does SPF and PA mean?

If you’ve been confused about the letters on your bottle on sunscreen, don’t worry — we’ve got you covered.

“SPF” stands for “Sun Protection Factor”. The value shown demonstrates the effectiveness of protection against UV-B. A product with SPF 25 will be 25 times more effective at preventing sunburns than when nothing is applied on skin. However, just because the value is higher doesn’t mean it’s twice as effective! We wouldn’t blame you for thinking SPF 30 is twice as good as SPF 15. However, in reality, an SPF 15 product blocks about 94% of UV-B, an SPF 30 product blocks about 97% of UV-B, and an SPF 45 product blocks about 98% of rays — there’s no product on the market that’s able to block 100% of UV-B, so don’t be fooled.

“PA” stands for “Protection Grade of UV-A”, and was established in Japan to inform the consumer on how much protection they are getting from UV-A. PA+ signifies the product as having a moderate amount of protection against UV-A, while PA ++ and PA+++ indicating higher levels of protection. In general, sunscreens with higher SPF values also tend to have the higher the PA values.

How do I use sunscreen?

Use a generous dollop and put it all over your face, including your ears, neck and décolletage. Put it on 30-minutes before you leave the house to let the ingredients bind to your skin, and remember to reapply every 2 hours! When removing sunscreen at night, it is recommended to double cleanse to remove all residue.

In general, an SPF 30 PA ++ sunscreen will offer a good amount of coverage and is suitable for daily use. If you’re going to be in the sun for longer, you could opt for one with a higher SPF and PA, but it is important to reapply as contact with water or sweat may dissolve it through the day.

What are your recommendations?

If you still hate wearing sunscreen, it’s just because you haven’t found the right one. Lucky for you, Vaniday has got got a sunscreen for every skin type out there.

Innisfree Daily Mild Sunscreen SPF50+ PA++++

Innisfree Daily Mild Sunscreen

This water-based sunscreen is great for every day use, with a light formula that will be instantly absorbed and will leave your skin feeling refreshed. It’s suitable for all skin types!

3W Clinic Intensive UV Sun Block Cream 70ml

3W Clinic Intensive UV Sun Block Cream 70ml

This sunblock is double action, serving as a makeup base while offering high sun protection for both men and women. As a cream type sunblock, it’s highly moisturising and may be more suitable for those with dry skin.

Innisfree Intensive Leisure Sunscreen Stick 19g

Innisfree Intensive Leisure Sunscreen Stick 19g

This sunscreen stick is not only water-resistant (great news for athletes!), but also offers whitening and wrinkle care benefits as well. It leaves a powdery finish upon application, and can be used as a primer for makeup. Bonus points for being so easy to carry around, and easy to apply as well!

Innisfree Daily Sensitive Sunscreen SPF50+ PA++++ 50ml

Innisfree Daily Sensitive Sunscreen SPF50+ PA++++ 50ml

For those of you with sensitive skin, this hypoallergenic sunscreen won’t cause any reactions, while at the same time offering high levels of UV-A and UV-B protection. As it is so mild, you won’t even need to double cleanse. A single wash will be enough to remove this gentle yet effective sunscreen!

Innisfree Aqua Mineral Defense Sunscreen SPF48 PA+++ 50ml

Innisfree Aqua Mineral Defense Sunscreen SPF48 PA+++ 50ml

Those with oily skin can rejoice in this sunscreen. With a water-based formula, it’ll be absorbed easily, and won’t leave your skin feeling heavy in this tropical heat. It’s safe even for sensitive skin, so those who are afraid of flare ups and clogged pores, worry not!

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